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I hope that you all are doing good but things are not good with kids and our organisation for the last two years. We had been talking to build the school for our children but we had been failing to do so, nor we had been able to raise the required funds to build the school. In these two years kids school, education had suffered a lot and staying under the flyover has also become a huge challenge. 

I had decided that till the time we are not able to build our "Self Sustainable Community Living Project" till then we should come up with some alternative solution to our problem. The school infrastructure which i was planning to buy that i had convinced the builder to give on rent where we have to 35 lakhs as deposit and 3 lakhs as rent. I had just started a campaign to raise the funds for this project specifically. How you all had believed in me and in my dreams for my children, last time also please do support me because if i wasn't able to do this than i had promised myself and also to my children that will #quit doing all this because making promises and then not able to fulfil it is dishearting for me and even for my children. This is the last opportunity for me to do something for my children. 

I request you all who had been the part of this journey and supported me till today in any form, please support me with whatever #xyz amount but please do support me! I hope you all won't let die the hopes and dreams of my children! We had come a long way and we didn't want to take "U" or step back!

So #please #please #please #support #Us!!! 


Campaign Link: - https://milaap.org/fundraisers/support-prince-1

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Feline Friends, Dubai

Cats are one of the only stray animals that can be found on the streets of Dubai; that means that animal patrols and animal shelters seem to be working well. But the presence of stray cats says that there is more that could be done.

Feline Friends is a wonderful organization that strives to eliminate this problem.

Stray cats live a deeply uncomfortable life under the scorching sun in Dubai, especially during summer. Water is almost impossible to find. Trying to get away from the heat, cats sometimes seek shelter in between the wheels of vehicles that have been parked outside, where they can sometimes be crushed to death.

feline freinds 2.jpg

These stray cats need a shelter where they can live a comparatively better life. These cats need Feline Friends.

Feline Friends raises funds in various ways for the purpose of neutering and spaying so that the population of stray cats decreases.

One of the ways through which they raise funds is by organizing book sales. These book sales are held in Times Square, Dubai along with every Arte and in the Oasis Center, Dubai every third week on Friday. More details of the book sale are given on their website:  http://www.felinefriendsdubai.com/

feline freinds

All these books come from donations that are made by the supporters of Feline Friends, volunteers and lovers of cats and animals. There are CDs and DVDs available at the book sale as well, along with Feline Friend calendars and bags. The cost of each book is 10 dhs and all the funds raised are used to help in neutering and spaying cats.

If you are a cat lover, or just want to contribute to the community, do support Feline Friends by attending the book sales, making donations, and, if you really love cats, perhaps you can consider fostering or adopting.

I love volunteering with Feline Friends and helping out in their book sales; and since FF runs mostly through the help of their volunteers, more volunteers are more than welcome. To register as a volunteer, take a look at this page:http://www.felinefriendsdubai.com/#!volunteering/tlhxd

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female infanticide-a heinous crime

 

It’s a woman who gives birth to her children who later grows up to  be the inspiration .A woman’s role is considered supreme and is given importance. However when we have a look at the census we observe that there are more men in this world than the number of  women

. WHAT CAN BE THE REASON BEHIND THIS? WHICH CRUEL PRACTICE MUST BE BEHIND THIS FACT?

It’s none other than the cruel practice of Female Infanticide. female infanticide is the deliberate killing of newborn female children. Female infanticide is a major cause of concern in several nations such as China and India. It has been argued that the "low status" in which women are viewed in patriarchal societies creates a bias against females. The main root causes of all problems endured by women are just because of the socially constructed difference entitled to women by the society. Here is what i read from a newspaper-

"As soon as the little girls are born, they are plunged into the water in order to drown them or force is applied to their bodies in order to suffocate them or they are strangled with human hands. And something even more deplorable is that there are servants who place the girl in the chamber pot or in the basin used for the birth, which is still filled with water and blood and, shut away there, they die miserably. And what is even more monstrous is that if the mother is not cruel enough to take the life of her daughter, then her father-in-law, mother-in-law, or husband agitates her by their words to kill the girl."

Motherhood is considered to be the most beautiful form of a woman however by this practice of a mother killing her child it proves to be bad name on the name of motherhood..we have been successful in reducing this crime but we have been unsuccessful in permanently abolishing it.

THE YOUTH IS THE ONLY SAVIOUR.THIER THOUGHTS AND THINKING WILL BE SHOWN IN THE FUTURE .LETS TAKE EFFECTIVE MEASURES IN BRINGING THIS CRIME DOWN...

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A lot of High School Students are apathetic about many prominent global issues happening today. 

Because of school and friends and drama, many believe they are too busy to deal with the world's problems as well.

However, without the youth, it's hard to make a change in this world and we need our fellow students to rally behind us and begin getting involved in what's happening.

I have already started this campaign at my own school and formed a group of eager students (known as Res Publica Colloquy) also willing to share their passion for global affairs with their peers. 

We formed a blog and facebook page in which we weekly discuss important affairs around the world such as terrorism in Paris, Beirut, and the Syrian refugee crisis. We also invite other students to comment on our discussions and give their own opinions. It's brought a lot of light to many of the kids at our school.

http://respublicacolloquy.weebly.com/newsreleasesrpc-updateshttps://www.facebook.com/Res-Publica-Colloquy-1387745678199642/

Challenge your friends to take some time off everyday to watch the news or at least know the basics of what's going on! 

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Don't Blame Muslims for Paris

     Muslims in Europe consistently appear to be targets of discrimination and racism throughout Western Civilization. The horrific attacks on Paris this past Friday certainly did not improve their situation.

         The lasting effects of these attacks will lead to an even further oppression of the Muslim community, which is already made evident by the new Polish foreign minister’s recent suggestion to make Syrian refugees fight ISIL themselves. The United States seems to be split on whether they should bar Syrian refugees from entering the country or not. The most upsetting part of this is that we do not yet know if a Syrian refugee was even involved in the Paris attacks. Why are we punishing them for something they were/are victims of?

      In my own country, the United States, immediate backlash followed the attacks. According to salemstandard.com, on the 16th of November, “ a handful of protestors, bearing loudspeakers and wearing sandwich boards emblazoned with phrases like ‘Jesus Saves From Hell,’ shouted obscenities as Muslims made their way into the building. “ It should be noted that there were several counter-protestors present as well. Sadly, despite a video made by French Muslims condemning the attack, this kind of backlash will continue.

      Muslims have stressed time and time again that the interpretation of the Quran that extremist terrorist groups, such as Al Qaeda and ISIL, have taken are completely against the basic principles of Islam. I’m not claiming to be an expert on Islam, I’m a Roman-Catholic after all. However, I think theologist Rezla Aslan put it best stating, “Religion doesn’t make people bigots. People are bigots and they use religion to justify their ideology.”

     The simple truth is that neither ISIL nor Al Qaeda is a true representation of the Muslim majority worldwide. They are extremists using the Quran to justify their actions. I encourage members of this community and the worldwide community to recognize this and stand up for our fellow human beings. Let Syrian refugees into you countries! Support Muslims instead of tearing them down! They deserve none of the mistreatment they are bound to receive and are already receiving due to a series of attacks that were out of their control.

French Muslims condemn terrorist in video: http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/paris-attacks-watch-french-muslim-6840221

 

      

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Clean Up Sharjah Campaign

Hey guys,

Following is a part promoting the Sustainable Development Goals.

Drops of water make an ocean and that's what drove us to the launch of our campaign, 'Clean Up Sharjah Campaign'. The campaign started last year under the leadership of Abhinav Singla and saw about 400 people participate. The campaign's aim is to encourage our fellow beings not to litter in their surroundings not only due to ecological reasons but also reasons  like beautifying our neighborhood. Last year the 500 students cleaned up about 4 neighborhoods in Sharjah spread across a month. This year we are having our campaign spread across a month and include a Recyclathon, Clean Up Walkathon, Tree-Planting Drive and a Beach Clean Up and is under the leadership of Harshith Belagur, Adithya Roy and Abhinav Singla. Our first event was the Recyclathon held on the 24th of October and we were able to collect 2020 kilos of newspaper from about 400 people out of which most of them were students. This indeed left a mark in the minds of most of the participants teaching them the importance of recycling. Our second event, The Clean Up Walkathon was on the 31st of October and saw about 600 people participate including 2 schools. We were able to clean up about 4 km of roads and roadsides thereby encouraging people not to litter. Our third event was the Tree Planting Drive which we held in association with the Give A Ghaf Foundation. We planted about 108 Ghaf trees beautifying our surroundings and help us make this world a greener place to live in. Our final was on the 14th November and saw about 300 people participate and we successfully cleaned about 4 kilometers of the Al Khalid Lagoon. All our events are supported by Bee'ah, Barakat Juices, Give A Ghaf Foundation, Together For A Better World, Students for the Earth and a number of sponsors who have helped us achieve what we have. We hope to motivate people across the globe to reduce their waste consumption, reduce litter and help make the earth a greener place to live in.

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Peace Committee and the Need for tolerance among nigerian youths - charles asiegbu

PostMon Aug 17, 2015 10:20 pm
I had wanted to draft a full scale write-up coated with bomb english guided with indepth analysis and research but you hardly say your mind when you want to impress! Abi no be so??? I reasoned that we should be cautious, mild and rational with issues such as this.

(1) we hailed buhari,hailed jonathan,hailed jega,hailed ourselves and forgot the role played by the peace committe led by abdulsalam. Where art thou memory??

(2) buhari is in a democratic setting as president! He fought corruption with rod as a military ruler but he came and found it fatter.. We want change by doing things differently for beta beta result!

(3) there are procedures to jail thieves in this era, violating proceeds of the constitution is in itself corruption ... you cant rob peter to pay paul and expect your change in return

(4) you'll agree with me that corruption has gone platinum and is sophisticated, scientific... how we go catch that one with gun and force?

(5) Nobody should distract buhari in his fight against corruption but corruption is not fought on one side alone... our president is fighting everybody corrupt and no particular corrupt people....haven listed out those few points I want to state that it was in place for the committee to meet the president. I was not in that meeting but if the suggested and pointed out variables which useful to the administration then I think the president ought to look into it. For literates methinks we should always enlighten the public. Catching and jailing thriving corrupticians is just a particule of a complex whole.
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The Consolidated Youth for Peace & Development (COYPED) in partnership with the Pan-African Youth Leaders Network (ROJALNU) and the Ministry of Youth & Sports over the week end officially launched the Community Participation Project to improve Adolescent Sexual & Reproductive Health in Tubmanburg City, Bomi County. The Project is funded by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).

Speaking at the official launch of the Community Participation Project to Improve Adolescent Sexual & Reproductive Health, the Bomi County Coordinator of COYPED, Mr. Isaac Ngakpah welcome participants and guests at the event and also commended youth-led organizations operating in the county who he will be working with over the next four months for their commitment to ensure that the project is successful in the county.

Also speaking at the Launch program on July 30, 2015 at the Moses Vincent Community School in Tubmanburg City, the executive director of the Consolidated Youth for Peace & Development, James Koryor stated that the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) endorsed the right of adolescents and young adults to obtain the highest levels of health care. Stressing that a need for a robust and comprehensive advocacy project that addresses the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people in Liberia is imperative and crucial.

The COYPED boss further stated that the project involved sensitizing youth-led organizations, community members, traditional leaders and policy makers through community-based interventions to address priorities issues such as harmful traditional practices, early or forced marriage, HIV/AIDS, teenage pregnancy, GBV, elimination of FGM and all form of violence against young girls through policy advocacy, community mobilization, sensitization and awareness and is expected to last for four (4) months from July-October 2015.

For his part, the executive director of Youth Exploring Solutions (YES) Stephen B. Lavalah commended COYPED and partners for such a great initiative and called on participants at the launch program to take the project as their own stressing that they are to serve as ambassadors in their communities to ensure that the project is successful.

The YES Executive Director who serve as keynote speaker at the event called for an immediate end to harmful traditional practices especially early or forced marriage that has the propensity to increase teenage pregnancy, SGBV, illiteracy and poverty. Mr. Lavalah called for the equal participation and empowerment of women and young girls at every level.

For his part, the UNFPA representative Mr. Henry Sackie who launch the project in the county commended COYPED, ROJALNU and the Ministry of Youth & Sports for organizing such an important event. The UNFPA representative inform the gathering that his organization is committed to providing support to programs that are in the best interest of the vulnerable population especially women and girls.

Mr. Sackie further stressed that adolescent sexual and reproductive health issues are critical to every nation and the UNFPA will always support youth-led initiative that addresses those issues that will help improve adolescent sexual and reproductive health in the country.

The UNFPA official also stated that his organization is working to ensure that no pregnancy is unwanted and called on participants especially females to take advantage of the family planning services available at various health facilities in the county, while he admonished the male participants to always use their condoms to prevent HIV/AIDS and STIs.

In his closing remarks, the deputy director for programs at the Consolidated Youth for Peace & Development Mr. Joseph F. Wiah, Jr. expressed thanks and appreciation to the donor organization UNFPA, partners Ministry of Youth & Sports and Pan-African Youth Leaders Network (ROJALNU) and leaders of youth organizations and participants for their valuable contribution and participation at the launch event.

Mr. Weah assured the donor partner UNFPA that COYPED will work with community members and youth organizations to ensure that the project is implemented as plan. Mr. Weah also encouraged female participants to always attend event that has the propensity to build their capacity especially on sexual & reproductive health.

The event brought together over eighty participants including representative from UNFPA, Ministry of Youth & Sports, CSOs, youth organizations, Women Groups and the Media.

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The Consolidated Youth for Peace & Development (COYPED) in partnership with the Pan-African Youth Leaders Network (ROJALNU) and the Ministry of Youth & Sports over the week end officially launched the Community Participation Project to improve Adolescent Sexual & Reproductive Health in Tubmanburg City, Bomi County. The Project is funded by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).Speaking at the official launch of the Community Participation Project to Improve Adolescent Sexual & Reproductive Health, the Bomi County Coordinator of COYPED, Mr. Isaac Ngakpah welcome participants and guests at the event and also commended youth-led organizations operating in the county who he will be working with over the next four months for their commitment to ensure that the project is successful in the county.Also speaking at the Launch program on July 30, 2015 at the Moses Vincent Community School in Tubmanburg City, the executive director of the Consolidated Youth for Peace & Development, James Koryor stated that the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) endorsed the right of adolescents and young adults to obtain the highest levels of health care. Stressing that a need for a robust and comprehensive advocacy project that addresses the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people in Liberia is imperative and crucial.The COYPED boss further stated that the project involved sensitizing youth-led organizations, community members, traditional leaders and policy makers through community-based interventions to address priorities issues such as harmful traditional practices, early or forced marriage, HIV/AIDS, teenage pregnancy, GBV, elimination of FGM and all form of violence against young girls through policy advocacy, community mobilization, sensitization and awareness and is expected to last for four (4) months from July-October 2015.For his part, the executive director of Youth Exploring Solutions (YES) Stephen B. Lavalah commended COYPED and partners for such a great initiative and called on participants at the launch program to take the project as their own stressing that they are to serve as ambassadors in their communities to ensure that the project is successful.The YES Executive Director who serve as keynote speaker at the event called for an immediate end to harmful traditional practices especially early or forced marriage that has the propensity to increase teenage pregnancy, SGBV, illiteracy and poverty. Mr. Lavalah called for the equal participation and empowerment of women and young girls at every level.For his part, the UNFPA representative Mr. Henry Sackie who launch the project in the county commended COYPED, ROJALNU and the Ministry of Youth & Sports for organizing such an important event. The UNFPA representative inform the gathering that his organization is committed to providing support to programs that are in the best interest of the vulnerable population especially women and girls.Mr. Sackie further stressed that adolescent sexual and reproductive health issues are critical to every nation and the UNFPA will always support youth-led initiative that addresses those issues that will help improve adolescent sexual and reproductive health in the country.The UNFPA official also stated that his organization is working to ensure that no pregnancy is unwanted and called on participants especially females to take advantage of the family planning services available at various health facilities in the county, while he admonished the male participants to always use their condoms to prevent HIV/AIDS and STIs.In his closing remarks, the deputy director for programs at the Consolidated Youth for Peace & Development Mr. Joseph F. Wiah, Jr. expressed thanks and appreciation to the donor organization UNFPA, partners Ministry of Youth & Sports and Pan-African Youth Leaders Network (ROJALNU) and leaders of youth organizations and participants for their valuable contribution and participation at the launch event.Mr. Weah assured the donor partner UNFPA that COYPED will work with community members and youth organizations to ensure that the project is implemented as plan. Mr. Weah also encouraged female participants to always attend event that has the propensity to build their capacity especially on sexual & reproductive health.The event brought together over eighty participants including representative from UNFPA, Ministry of Youth & Sports, CSOs, youth organizations, Women Groups and the Media.
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Preparing Global Leaders Academy is a premiere international educational program for the best students and young professionals around the world.
PGLA is an intensive one week program taking place in Amman, Jordan.
Students will join a distinguished faculty that includes PGLF founder Dr. Sam Potolicchio (Georgetown University, New York University, RANEPA) and Columbia University Professor Dr. Abdul El-Sayed. Dr. Potolicchio was named one of the "Best Professors in America" by the Princeton Review and the Future Leader of Higher Education by the American Association of Colleges and Universities. Dr. El-Sayed is a former Rhodes and Soros scholar and Global Governance Fellow. Delegates will listen to world-class professors, politicians, diplomats, and other distinguished speakers. They will also participate in a number of simulations including parliamentary, speech-making, diplomatic and business competitions.
Delegates will also enjoy trips to the Dead Sea, Petra (one of the Seven Wonders of the world) and other sites in Jordan.

If you have any questions, write to:
contactus@pgla-jordan.org
The official web-page
http://www.pgla-jordan.org

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WORLD PEACE--A REALITY OR MYTH

        

“Peace comes from within. Do not seek it without” This quote by Buddha briefly yet aptly, defines the way to achieve peace in our hearts and minds.

We all want to live at peace. We do not want to conquer or defeat anyone by stamping on them.  We want to live by each other’s happiness rather than each other’s misery. The world is affluent enough to provide for everyone. We can be helpful to each other irrespective of caste creed   religion or race.

 But we have lost our way. All of us have drifted apart from each other in pursuit of our vested interests and materialistic vision. With latest inventions, greed has dawned upon man, poisoning his soul and mind.  Knowledge, innovations and gadgets gave us comfort but left us in want of peace. Our thinking capacity has overpowered our feelings. Humanity has given way to machinery, kindness to cleverness.

People seek peace under the assumption   that it will come by defending their separate identity from other individuals, other ethnic groups, other religions and other countries. In fact, major problems have been caused by one religion trying to dominate all others-thus starting wars and causing   human suffering in the name of peace. People have digressed from the true meaning of peace while defending their separateness. They are trying to catch a rainbow in a jar or hold the ocean in their hands.

Need of the hour is to invoke mankind towards a world where each one of us are interdependent and interconnected. We are part of a web of life. In the science of Chaos theory it's been discovered it is possible for a butterfly in China to flap its wings and in a few days create a hurricane off the coast of Florida. We are all connected. All living things are run by one life force, the God force flowing through us. Peace will only come when we have respect for all other groups, nations and religions.

In India, the equivalent of "peace" is "shanti," which means the state of inner tranquility. With respect to the state of inner peace, a Buddhist text describes this as follows: "Tranquility of mind comes from having successfully transcended greed, hatred and ignorance."  The Buddhist approach to peace starts from the fundamental act of surmounting these inner poisons.

 If we are to achieve world peace, we must, everyday ,make a difference. A globally known quote states that “Peace begins with a smile." It’s said that a smile can light up a room, so imagine what a world of smiles can do. If every day, someone does something kind for somebody else, it will create a ripple effect.  

I remember meeting two blind children in a park. They were sitting on a bench with my younger sister. When I went to pick up my sister after playing I saw those blind girls giving big smiles. My sister said “ I gave them the vivid description of the things around us, the colors of different objects, animals and flowers”


In conclusion, all obstacles to world peace can be monitored, controlled and resolved. Taking a sneak peek into our world, already we see people taking little steps together, creating peace resolutions and linking hands to balance out the inequality happening in the world. Large support organisations are seen to be the main contributor to help maintain this peace we are seeking.

We the people, have the power to make this life free and beautiful Let us fight for a new world - a decent world that will give each one of us a chance to work equally- that will give youth a future and old age a security.

 Let us free the world from greed, hate and intolerance. Let us fight for a world of reason, a world where science and progress will lead to all men’s happiness. Let us all unite and build peace in our heart and minds!

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"Bangladesh" what is our future ?

The People of Bangladesh have witnessed two(10th national and city corporation election) most glorious and shameful (not election ) selection of Ruling party’s victory celebration.

 Our Prime Minister has proved herself as the best corruptor of Bangladesh.  By the name of constitution she and her party made themselves invincible. Our police force is not working for people , they only work to save our government. Our police force is protecting the government at any cost and they are getting huge amount from government.

Where our country stands between no 01st and 02nd position in the field of Corruption and bribery, How you can expect a fair election running by the ruling party ?  Each fiscal year   05 Billion USD goes out from our Budget. These are we, The People of Bangladesh suffering the consequences for not having a transparent Government. Only a few (Handful) individuals are getting richer day by day. This government is well concerned about dealing burocracy . This is the failure of our system and lacking of knowledge about democracy. Because 65% of our population is illiterate.

During the last caretaker government, our current prime minister has convinced the head of armed force General Moin U Ahmed and Head of caretaker government Mr.Fokduddin Ahmed. They agreed with each other that if the Awami League (current ruling party) get the majority on national election, they will not make any case against any one related with care taker government . Awami League pays 250 Million USD to that times Head of Armed Force Mr. M U Ahmed. Now he is living in United States with luxurious life style.

What is the definition of Democracy ? Many people defines it in many words. But the foundation of democracy are Freedom of speech, free movement and right to vote. But in Bangladesh all of these right are taken away by the ruling government. “Government” is a kind of investment because we elect them to take care of our country , our economy and our future. But where are we today ? There are no transparency in any field. Our people don’t know how much money coming from our donor friends, how much they are spending for country’s development ? On the name of constitution they are changing it for their own profit. It is compulsory to pass a bill on the parliament in presence of opposition party. In democracy having opposition is compulsory . But this government kick out all the opposition from our parliament. The opposition now we have is their alliance. When you don’t have a real opponent in parliament, they can do whatever they like and the same thing is happening in Bangladesh.

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Child Labor and International Reforms

Child work alludes to the job of youngsters in any work that denies offspring of their youth, meddles with their capacity to go to consistent school, and that is rationally, physically, socially or ethically risky and unsafe. Impressive contrasts exist between the numerous sorts of work youngsters do. Some are troublesome and requesting, others are more dangerous and even ethically unpardonable. Kids do an extensive variety of undertakings and exercises when they work.

Child labors Characteristics

·         Abuses a country's base age laws

·         Debilitates kids' physical, mental, or passionate prosperity

·         Includes grievous misuse, for example, tyke servitude, youngster trafficking, obligation subjugation, constrained work, or illegal exercises

·         Keeps youngsters from going to class

·         Utilizes youngsters to undermine work benchmarks

According to a survey report an estimated 215 child laborers around the globe: approximately 114 million (53%) are in Asia and the Pacific; 14 million (7%) live in Latin America; and 65 million (30%) live in sub-Saharan Africa.

Fields they are working in:

·         Agriculture

·         Manufacturing

·         Mining and Quarrying

·         Domestic Service

·         Hotels, Restaurants, and Retail

Child Labour due to Poverty

Destitution and monetary stuns plainly play an essential if not a key part in deciding the business for kid work. Youngster work thus adds to the propagation of destitution. Case in point, late exact discoveries by the World Bank from Brazil exhibit that early passage into the work power decreases lifetime profit by about 13 to 20 for every penny, expanding significantly the likelihood of being poor sometime down the road.

Notwithstanding, neediness in itself is not an adequate clarification of tyke work, and it absolutely neglects to clarify a percentage of the unlimited most exceedingly awful types of kid work.

Perspective of Child Labour and Human Rights

A human rights viewpoint is fundamental for a more full comprehension of tyke work, as it spotlights on segregation and avoidance as contributing components. The most defenseless gatherings in the matter of tyke work are frequently those subject to segregation and avoidance: young ladies, ethnic minorities and indigenous and tribal people groups, those of low class or rank, individuals with handicaps, uprooted persons and those living in remote ranges.

The United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Children in 2002 supported a mainstreaming methodology – setting tyke work on the improvement plan. This suggested that another desire must be set for the overall development against tyke work. In political terms this implies putting tyke work on the motivation of finance and arranging services – all things considered, the overall development needs to persuade governments to act to end youngster work. Tyke work disposal comes down to an arrangement of political decisions as opposed to a technocratic activity. Furthermore, a regular substance of flimsiness and emergency test endeavors at progress.

Child labor in international laws

Presentation of the Rights of the Child 1959

The U.N. Presentation of the Rights of the Child (DRC) expands upon rights that had been put forward in a League of Nations Declaration of 1924. The Preamble noticed that youngsters need "extraordinary protects and consideration, including proper lawful insurance, before and in addition after conception," emphasizes the 1924 Declaration's vow that "humankind owes to the kid the best it needs to give," and particularly calls upon deliberate associations and nearby powers to make progress toward the recognition of kids' rights. One of the key standards in the DRC is that a tyke is to appreciate "uncommon assurance" and "opportunities and offices, by law and by different means," for sound and ordinary physical, mental, good, profound, and social advancement "in states of flexibility and nobility."  The "foremost thought" in ordering a law for this reason for existing is "the best advantage of the child,"a standard reverberated all through legitimate instruments on kids' rights. Among other DRC standards, a tyke is qualified for a name and nationality; to sufficient nourishment, lodging, diversion, and therapeutic administrations; to training; and, for the impaired, to "uncommon treatment, instruction and care." Other standards are on security against disregard, pitilessness and abuse, trafficking, underage work, and separation.

Least Age Convention 1973

The point of the Minimum Age Convention (MAC) is to build up a general instrument on the subject of the base time of vocation with a perspective to accomplishing the aggregate cancelation of tyke work (Preamble). Consequently, every State Party is to "seek after a national strategy intended to guarantee the viable cancelation of youngster work and to raise dynamically the base age for admission to vocation to a level predictable with the fullest physical and mental improvement of youthful persons" (article 1). States Parties must indicate a base age for admission to business or work, subject to specific special cases put forward in the MAC. That base may not be not exactly the period of fruition of mandatory educating and, regardless, under fifteen years, yet it might at first be set at fourteen years if a state's economy and instructive offices are deficiently created (article 2). Exemptions to as far as possible may likewise be allowed for light work or for such purposes as investment in aesthetic exhibitions (articles 7 and 8). In the event that the job may be perilous to a youngster's wellbeing, security, or ethics, the base age is by and large not to be under eighteen years (article 3(1)).

 

U.N. Tradition on the Rights of the Child 1989

The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is the most far reaching record on the privileges of children. Based absolutely on the quantity of substantive rights it puts forward, as particular from execution measures, it is the longest U.N. human rights bargain in power and uncommon in that it not just addresses the giving and execution of rights in peacetime, additionally the treatment of kids in circumstances of outfitted clash. The CRC is additionally critical in light of the fact that it reveres, "without precedent for tying worldwide law, the standards whereupon reception is based, seen from the kid's perspective." The CRC is essentially concerned with four parts of youngsters' rights ("the four 'P's"): support by kids in choices influencing them; security of youngsters against separation and all types of disregard and abuse; anticipation of damage to them; and procurement of help to kids for their essential needs.  For the reasons of the CRC, a youngster is characterized as "every individual underneath the age of eighteen years unless under the law material to the kid, dominant part is achieved before" (article 1).

Key achievements of the CRC have been depicted as five-fold. It makes new rights for kids under worldwide law that beforehand had not existed, for example, the kid's entitlement to save his or her personality (articles 7 and 8), the privileges of helpless youngsters like displaced people to exceptional security (articles 20 and 22), and indigenous kids' entitlement to practice their way of life (articles 8 and 30). In a few occurrences, this development takes the type of youngster particular forms of existing rights, for example, those concerning opportunity of expression (article 13) and the privilege to a reasonable trial (article 40). Moreover, the CRC cherishes in a worldwide bargain rights that heretofore had just been found on the off chance that law under territorial human rights settlements (e.g., youngsters' entitlement to be heard in procedures that influence them) (article 12). The CRC likewise supplanted non-tying suggestions with tying measures (e.g., protects in appropriation techniques and concerning the privileges of crippled kids) (articles 21 and 23). New commitments are forced on States Parties with respect to the security of kids, in such zones as banning customary practices biased to youngsters' wellbeing and offering rehabilitative measures for casualties of disregard, ill-use, and misuse (articles 28(3) and 39). At long last, the CRC puts forward an express ground committing States Parties not to oppress kids' satisfaction in CRC rights.  The privilege to take an interest in procedures, it is contended, "together with the standards of non-separation in Article 2 and procurement for the kid's best advantage in Article 3, shape the directing standards of the Convention, which mirror the vision of admiration and self-sufficiency which the drafters wished to make for all children."

Discretionary Protocols to the CRC on Sex Trafficking, Armed Conflict

The United Nations embraced two conventions to the CRC on May 25, 2000, the Optional Protocol to the CRC on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, and Child Pornography 2000 (Sex Trafficking Protocol) and the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (Child Soldiers Protocol) . The Sex Trafficking Protocol (STP) addresses the issue of sex trafficking, one among numerous reasons for which youngsters are purchased and sold, including, likewise, constrained work, reception, investment in furnished clashes, marriage, and organ exchange. The Preamble alludes to accomplishing "the reasons of the CRC" and to the requirement for States Parties to actualize particular procurements, among them CRC articles 34 and 35 on wide securities against tyke trafficking, sexual misuse, and ill-use. The Preamble likewise reflects CRC dialect as to shielding kids from monetary abuse and execution of unsafe or hurtful work.  what's more, it perceives "that various especially helpless gatherings, including young lady youngsters, are at more serious danger of sexual misuse" and are excessively spoken to among the sexually misused, and communicates concern over "the developing accessibility of kid erotica on the Internet and other advancing innovations."  The STP characterizes and restricts the offer of kids, youngster prostitution, and tyke explicit entertainment; obliges States Parties to make certain demonstrations culpable under their criminal law; puts forward the bases for States Parties to state purview over significant practices, and reinforces their capacity to seek after removal of guilty parties. The STP additionally accommodates assurance of and help to the exploited kids in the criminal equity transform, the best advantage of the tyke being the directing rule in the youngsters' legal treatment. For purposes of aversion and review of offenses, the casualties must have entry to strategies to look for pay for harms from those legitimately mindful (article 9(4)). The STP likewise has procurements on reinforcing worldwide collaboration concerning sex trafficking including youngsters and on reporting necessities for States Parties (article 12).

The Child Soldiers Protocol reaffirms in its Preamble that "the privileges of kids oblige uncommon insurance," noticed "the unsafe and across the board effect of equipped clash on youngsters," and censures their being focused in such circumstances. It additionally alludes to incorporation as an atrocity in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court "the recruiting or enrolling youngsters less than 15 years old years or utilizing them to partake effectively as a part of dangers in both universal and non-global equipped clashes."  The Preamble observes the meaning of a kid in article 1 of the CRC and communicates the conviction that raising the period of conceivable enlistment will contribute viably to actualizing the rule of the best advantage of the youngster as an essential thought in all activities concerning children. The Child Soldiers Protocol expands the base age necessity for direct interest in furnished clash and induction to eighteen (articles 1 and 2, individually) and prohibits revolt or other non-administrative military "under any circumstances," to enlist or to use in threats persons under that age (article 4). It doesn't endorse the age eighteen base for intentional enrollment, yet obliges States Parties to raise the base age for it from fifteen (as set out in article 38, passage 3, of the CRC; i.e., to sixteen years old) and to store a coupling affirmation putting forward the base age allowed for deliberate enlistment and portraying protections received to guarantee intentionality (article 3(1-3), in part). The Child Soldiers Protocol obliges States Parties to take "every single plausible measure to guarantee" the grounding or discharge from administration of youngsters enlisted into equipped clash or utilized as a part of dangers and, "when fundamental," to accord "all proper help" for the kids' restoration and social reintegration (article 6(1) and (3)).

Reference: http://www.loc.gov/law/help/child-rights/international-law.php

 

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Innocent Muslims of Burma

In the start I would like to ask a question to UN, that why they are not speaking against the brutality that is happening in Burma. They are killing innocent peoples. The peaceful nations of different countries like Turkey, Pakistan, Malysia, Indonesia and many other are protesting against this brutality. But why UN is not speaking. This is not about Muslims, this is about humanity. All the people who are doing this are the enemies of Peace, Humanity and Muslims. Now one by one every country is standing for them and I am thinking that if they did not end it then it will be going to happen a big war as already the armed forces of Turkey are going to Burma for the fight. So please raise your voice for the innocent Muslims of Burma.

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The History of the Ozone Hole

Background

Sensational loss of ozone in the lower stratosphere over Antarctica was initially perceived in the 1970s by an examination bunch from the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) who were checking the air above Antarctica from an exploration station much like the photo to one side.

The research & information on ozone

Fables have it that when the first estimations were taken in 1985, the drop in ozone levels in the stratosphere was dramatic to the point that at first the researchers thought their instruments were broken. Substitution instruments were manufactured and flown out, and it wasn't until they affirmed the before estimations, a while later, that the ozone consumption watched was acknowledged as honest to goodness.

Another story goes that the TOMS satellite information didn't demonstrate the sensational loss of ozone on the grounds that the product preparing the crude ozone information from the satellite was modified to treat low estimations of ozone as terrible readings! Later examination of the crude information when the outcomes from the British Antarctic Survey group were distributed, affirmed their outcomes and demonstrated that the misfortune was fast and expansive scale; over the vast majority of the Antarctica landmass.

Background and formation of Ozone

Ozone (O3 : 3 oxygen molecules) happens commonly in the environment.

The world's air is made out of a few layers. We live in the "Troposphere" where a large portion of the climate happens, for example, rain, snow and mists. Over the troposphere is the "Stratosphere"; an essential locale in which impacts, for example, the Ozone Hole and Global Warming begin. Supersonic plane carriers, for example, Concorde fly in the lower stratosphere though subsonic business aerial shuttles are for the most part in the troposphere. The limited locale between these two sections of the air is known as the "Tropopause".

Ozone frames a layer in the stratosphere, most slender in the tropics (around the equator) and denser towards the posts. The measure of ozone over a point on the world's surface is measured in Dobson units (DU) - commonly ~260 DU close to the tropics and higher somewhere else, however there are vast regular variances. It is made when bright radiation (daylight) strikes the stratosphere, separating (or "part") oxygen particles (O2) to nuclear oxygen (O). The nuclear oxygen rapidly joins with further oxygen particles to shape ozone:

O2 + hv

->

O + O

(1)

O + O2

->

O3

(2)

(1/v = wavelength < ~ 240 nm)

It's humorous that at ground level, ozone is a wellbeing peril - it is a significant constituent of photochemical brown haze. On the other hand, in the stratosphere we couldn't get by without it. Up in the stratosphere it assimilates a portion of the possibly destructive ultra-violet (UV) radiation from the sun (at wavelengths somewhere around 240 and 320 nm) which can bring about skin disease and harm vegetation, in addition to other things.

In spite of the fact that the UV radiation parts the ozone atom, ozone can change through the accompanying responses bringing about no net loss of ozone:

O3 + hv

->

O2 + O

(3)

O + O2

->

O3

(2) as above

Ozone is also destroyed by the following reaction:

O + O3

->

O2 + O2

(4)

The Reactions

The responses above, named (1)-(4) are known as the "Chapman responses". Response (2) gets to be slower with expanding elevation while response (3) gets to be speedier. The amassing of ozone is a harmony between these contending responses. In the upper climate, nuclear oxygen commands where UV levels are high. Moving down through the stratosphere, the air gets denser, UV ingestion increments and ozone levels top at around 20km. As we draw nearer to the ground, UV levels reduction and ozone levels diminish. The layer of ozone framed in the stratosphere by these responses is now and again called the 'Chapman layer'.

The Missing Reactions

But there was a problem with the Chapman theory. In the 1960s it was realized that the loss of ozone given by reaction (4) was too slow. It could not remove enough ozone to give the values seen in the real atmosphere. There had to be other reactions, faster reactions that were controlling the ozone concentrations in the stratosphere. We'll learn about these in Part III of this tour of the ozone hole.

About The Ozone Hole

The Ozone Hole regularly gets befuddled in the prominent press and by the overall population with the issue of an Earth-wide temperature boost. Whilst there is an association in light of the fact that ozone adds to the nursery impact, the Ozone Hole is a different issue. Be that as it may it is another stark indication of the impact of man's exercises on the earth.

Over Antarctica (and as of late over the Arctic), stratospheric ozone has been drained in the course of the most recent 15 years at sure times of the year. This is primarily because of the arrival of artificial chemicals containing chlorine, for example, CFC's (Chlorofluorocarbons), additionally mixes containing bromine, other related halogen mixes furthermore nitrogen oxides (NOx). CFC's are a typical modern item, utilized as a part of refrigeration frameworks, aeration and cooling systems, mist concentrates, solvents and in the generation of a few sorts of bundling. Nitrogen oxides are a by-result of burning procedures, eg air ship outflows.

The present levels of exhaustion have served to highlight an astounding level of unsteadiness of the climate, and the measure of ozone misfortune is as yet expanding. Greenpeace have reported a large number of the worries that this raises.

Progress of work done

The primary worldwide consent to limit CFCs accompanied the marking of the Montreal Protocol in 1987 at last intending to decrease them considerably by the year 2000. Two updates of this assertion have been made in the light of advances in logical comprehension, the most recent being in 1992. Understanding has been come to on the control of modern creation of numerous halocarbons until the year 2030. The fundamental CFCs won't be created by any of the signatories after the end of 1995, aside from a restricted sum for vital uses, for example, for medicinal showers.

The nations of the European Community have received significantly stricter measures than are needed under the Montreal Protocol understandings. Perceiving their obligation to the worldwide environment they have consented to end generation of the primary CFCs from the earliest starting point of 1995. More tightly due dates for utilization of the other ozone-exhausting mixes are likewise being embraced.

It was foreseen that these confinements would prompt a recuperation of the ozone layer inside 50 years of 2000; the World Meteorological Organization assessed 2045 (WMO reports #25, #37), yet late examinations recommend the issue is maybe on a much bigger scale than expected.

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How I feel after years of youth organizing and advocacy work: are youth really empowered in decision-making processes? Do policies really reflect their needs and realities? Working with young people and representing young people in global conferences can often feel individually rewarding but ultimately ineffective.

Hence the reason why I decided to participate in an innovative research-advocacy project called The Case For Space. This research project is a joint partnership between Restless Development, Youth Business International, War Child, and implemented by Youth Policy Labs. Besides the incredible partners who have all worked for youth empowerment and youth-led change for years, what caught my attention was the design and scope of the project: there would be 20 young researchers from around the world who would investigate the real conditions that youth need in order to grow and succeed - the "enabling" conditions - focusing on child protection, youth employment, and civil participation.

Still, I was unclear about how this would look like and really play out. After being accepted and discussing my previous and current research experience with Youth Policy, I got on a plane to Berlin to meet the other researchers and the organizing partners.

For the next three days, Youth Policy Labs facilitated an informal, fun, and effective conference that explored our research project's themes, and inspired us to think across perspectives, disciplines, and regions. Here are some of my highlights from each day.

  
  
Day One of the Lab: Youth Policy introduced themselves and their goals for the lab. Mark from Restless Development and Laura from Youth Business International also introduced themselves briefly. Mark truly set the tone for the days ahead. We all knew that this project is an exercise in ambitious, and even wishful, thinking. But we wanted some real impact. "The hope is low, and the rhetoric is high. This year could be the largest exercise in tokenism for young people ever," he said. We all know that the Sustainable Development Goals will be decided upon this year, and with many young people working in national committees and UN working groups, it is still unsure that they will have much agency or impact on the final goals outlined, as well as the implementation of those goals. What our project is trying to do is to represent real young people on the ground, and their interests. When you have young researchers focusing on young people, perhaps the data and perspectives that they can collect will be different, and those realities need to be reflected in international development agendas.

  
  
In the afternoon, we looked at different indexes for measuring civil society organizations, and learned about CIVICUS's model, which is called the Enabling Environment Index. This index, which has different categories for Socio-economic, Socio-cultural, and Governance indices, looks at what conditions are "enabling" for civil society organizations - or, in which environment they can best and most efficiently function. We learned that we would apply this Index to youth in our respective regions.

The way that I best understood this was the following: we can have the most beautiful youth policies that exist. There can be a National Youth Policy, a Youth Committee in the government, and a nice budget for youth empowerment through education, employment, cultural development and etc. But if the larger environment for youth is not "enabling", then the impact of these policies is limited. Take for example, if the government is corrupt and it has a weak rule of law, meaning that government officials arbitrarily or rarely enforce laws. Or if youth are not able to freely assemble and manifest their political beliefs and desires. Using the Enabling Environment Index to consider the "space" that youth need is taking a deeper look at the real conditions necessary for youth development, in a way that goes beyond simply analyzing public policy.

 
   

We then split into our regional groups and worked on applying the EEI to the conditions for youth in our own countries, and then our region as a whole. In Latin America and the Caribbean, we have researchers from Mexico, Colombia, the Bahamas, and Brazil (myself). It was surprisingly easy to come up with the two most important convergences in worst conditions for youth: corruption and equality. Our two largest divergences were policy dialogue (openness of the government to outside input regarding policy) and media freedom. A sub-domain that we wished were included in the EEI was safety and security, because there is a high rate of criminalization of young people in our region, and young people also suffer disproportionately from violence, especially state-sponsored violence.

The first day of the GYRL was intense, but very productive and engaging. I think many of us felt that we had hoped for the  project and team to be serious and dedicated, but we also all felt challenged to think  in a new way using the EEI. We knew there was much more to do and waiting for us in the days ahead. And happily, we all decompressed at the local beer garden afterwards. 

  

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International Youth Council – Mississauga Chapter is a member chapter of International Youth Council.  International Youth Council was founded at Youth Assembly at the United Nations in 2007.  The International Youth Council seeks to unite, inspire, and develop the next generation of world leaders.  We at the Mississauga Chapter tries to meet with these expectations. We are members of the International Youth Council – Mississauga Chapter, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.  The URL for the chapter is, http://internationalyouthcouncil.com/group/mississauga.

Sustainable development and Environmental stewardship in any society would not take place, unless the populace has a keen understanding as to why such is important.  We believe education and knowledge plays a fundamental component in this regard. Therefore, for the past few years, we have been concentrating on key components that would facilitate education and knowledge, which in turn leads to self-empowerment.  We have concentrated on items such a reuse of personal computers, reuse of text books, reuse of eye glasses in local and international arena with reputed non-profit organizations.  We believe a resource such as personal computers, text books, eye glasses that have already been produced should have its useful life extended, wherever and whenever possible. We also believe these components are a few of the fundamental tools for education and knowledge.

 

By providing the components mentioned above to those who otherwise would not have access to such due to lack of access and affordability and no cost to the recipient, starts the journey of self-empowerment of the vulnerable in our global society.  This empowerment of the most vulnerable has a cascading effect in society that enriches the process towards Sustainable development and Environmental stewardship.  We believe this application has relevance in any community throughout the world.

 

It is also important to note that the mentioned cascading effect is best starts at local level and there after extending to national and international.  Once engagement and sustenance has taken hold at the local level, success towards national and international level can be under taken in measured approach.  We with the local community of interested parties that included non-profit organizations, schools and individuals gathered around the common theme of need, such as mentioned above.  The benefit to our local community is engagement in sustainable development and environmental stewardship, which not only had an impact at the local level, but internationally as well.  That of below are few examples of our initiatives.

 

At the local level, we sent used school text books to a non-profit that helps the Aboriginal Community schools in Ontario.  Another example in the local community is us sending used text books to a non-profit that helps youth.  New immigrants to Ontario who wants to be re accredited in their chosen profession, benefited from the used text books that were given to a non-profit which was a facilitator.  Used text books were also the beneficiary of a non-profit that helps children with disabilities.      

In national and international capacity, an initiative was to collect used eye glasses for Lions International.  This was done by local schools and community.  The collected used eye glasses were sent to Calgary, Alberta for evaluation and categorization.  There after any non-profit internationally that needs to cater to the visually challenged would approach Lions International for the needed eye glasses.  

 

An international initiative was sending used school text books and used personal computers to the Philippines and another was sending used school text books to Sri Lanka.  The impact of these initiatives was meaningful as most school kids and youth who benefited from such were in need and the learning and life skills that would be gleaned from the material sent would be cascading.

 

We had the privilege to meet with Dr. Palitha Kohona, the Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the United Nations, in New York, USA.  At this opportunity we advised of our outreach to Sri Lanka and advised of our commitment towards the Millennium Development Goals.  We also provided input towards a book titled ‘Green My Parents’ published in the USA, which is geared towards the Environment from a Youth perspective.  Upon publication, we facilitated it being made available in the Mississauga Library System, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, thus making it available for all in our local community.  This is another tool which would facilitate towards the Millennium Development Goals.

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Better Transportation for a Better World

Eugenie June Lee

Seoul International School

High School Student

Better Transportation for a Better World

Effective transportation is the key to a better century. The past century and a half has seen the advent of the car, train, airplane, and bicycle. With this explosion in transportation options, humankind has rushed forth in a veritable race, using every mode of transportation available to expand into new territories in ways never before imaginable. Such a rapid expansion in transportation networks has led to great inefficiencies. Pollution, crumbling infrastructure, and dangerous travel conditions are only a few of the detrimental effects of how transportation has flourished in the past century. Humanity now has a need to harness the technological advances of the past few decades to create clean and efficient transportation networks worldwide. Doing so will have a myriad of positive effects that will last in centuries to come.

To begin with, we must reduce our dependence on fuel-consuming modes of transportation to reduce global pollution and curb humankind's impact on climate change. This includes less use of personal cars, buses, and old trains. The goal of eliminating them completely is both draconian and likely impossible, but attempts must be made to improve other modes of transportation to provide better alternatives to gas-powered vehicles. Transportation in the 21st century ought to be based on rapid mass transit, mainly in the form of high-speed railways and electric buses with special lanes on both local and express routes. Daily intra-city commuters facing shorter distances should rely on bicycles and electric motorcycles or buses. In larger, denser cities such as New York, London, or Tokyo, municipal governments should implement a general phasing out of car traffic in the most congested areas of the cities. This approach, coupled with an extensive network of bicycle sharing systems, specialized bus lanes, and other modes of mass transit, would have a hugely positive effect on reducing pollution across the globe.

In addition to reducing pollution, changing the way humans think about and use transportation in our daily lives would increase lifespans across the globe and lessen, if not eliminate, transportation-related casualties. Despite the fact that human lifespans have generally increased over the past century as a result of medical advances, much can still be done to combat the effects of the modern urban human's sedentary lifestyle. Implementing a system where most urban dwellers would have to either walk or use a bicycle to complete daily tasks would translate into an overall healthier lifestyle centered on constant and moderate exercise. Human health (as well as that of plants and animals) would also benefit from reduced levels of pollution resulting from a decrease in fuel-burning vehicles. Furthermore, with fewer and fewer people using personal cars on a daily basis, traffic-related casualties would drop significantly. Not to mention the fact that stress levels typically associated with long commutes and heavy traffic would all but disappear in larger urban areas with sophisticated mass transit networks and no personal cars on the road.

Reduced congestion and cleaner air would be among the first and most obvious short-term effects of a global transportation network based on rapid mass transit and the reduction of personal cars. The longer term effects for this century and centuries to come would be far deeper in their scope. Cityscapes rid of cars would take completely new shapes. Humans would interact with public spaces in ways not seen for hundreds of years. New parks would emerge, pedestrian areas would dominate urban centers, and humans would interact with each other on a daily basis whether on the street or on a public train. I argue that such ways of life and interactions would create closer-knit societies, with higher degrees of empathy among the population. It is easy to honk in anger at the car in front of you, but someone bumping into you on the street generally elicits a polite and genuine smile with a gentle apologetic exchange. As societies learn to rely less on private modes of transportation, humans would become more in tune with a harmonious, collective approach to living, not unlike how our ancestors lived centuries ago. It is key to note that a more sophisticated and modern transportation network would allow humans to re-embrace aspects of our own past that have since been lost, only to ensure a better future.

Beyond improving society as a whole, a better transportation infrastructure would also have more tangible effects. For example, faster, safer, and more efficient modes of transportation means that goods reach markets faster. Also, envision a world where perishable goods are twice or three times as fresh as previously possible. These more concrete effects of a better global transportation system mean better productivity and healthier economies. High-speed transportation systems would also bring people together faster and more efficiently, which would have positive ramifications for not only doing business but also bringing far-flung families and friends closer. 

Improving transportation systems such as I have described is not an unattainable goal. With the exponentially beneficial effects building better transportation systems would have on society at large for the following century, governments at every level should make transportation reform a top priority. A beneficial political side-effect of such a push would be the potential transportation reform would create for better relations between certain countries. The governments of those countries with existing sophisticated transportation networks would have a responsibility to share technical knowledge with countries who lag behind. Formal and continuous cross-national exchanges of this sort between scientists, politicians, and consultants would create a forum for positive international exchanges. This could then lead to positive exchanges in other ancillary topics such as climate change or human health issues. 

The effects of a coordinated global reform of transportation networks would be staggering. Air, water, and noise pollution would be curbed in ways previously unimaginable. Humans would enjoy healthier lifestyles by renouncing a sedentary way of life that has proved to lead to countless chronic ailments. Traffic accidents, one of the leading causes of death in most industrialized and industrializing nations, would become as rare as polio. Cities would be transformed and beautified for the benefit of all society. Positive coordination and interactions among countries would increase. Ultimately, the building of an effective transportation network would be the cornerstone of a better century ahead.

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Child Abuse in Africa.

In most remote African communities about 20% of children are victim of abuses and violence at school, at home or in the community. Suffering from the emotional and physical consequences of violence, many children do not perform well at school as a result they drop out.
In my country Cameroon sexual abuse of children both girls and boys is far more rampant than previously thought. This is common among teachers, among parents and among religious people.
It is also noticed that in Africa, Parents, guardians and even victims themselves often don’t speak out, in an effort to avoid stigma and disgrace.
Dear youths we should not allow this phenomenon to swallow up our society that will lead to long-term consequences and devastating effect on health and social development of the victims. If we don’t face these challenges our continent may experience a drastic moral drop and a high rate of traumatized and frustrated children who will not live up to their dreams.
I suggest we use our reputed network to promote and facilitate awareness, detection and reporting of child abuses to appropriate quarter for solutions, like ministries directly concern, social Medias, tracks, and local radio stations in vernacular languages and other languages to reach out to the masses.

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Strategies to Safeguard Child Rights

Number of children in the world: 2.2 billion. One third of these children suffer from malnutrition. One sixth don't go to primary school. Over 10 million children die each year from illness. 1.2 million children are victims of human trafficking. Almost 140 million children are orphans with no one to help them in any way. All this in a world where the rights of the child are considered to be the epitome of human development.

A very good morning to everyone present here. I, Swathy Sanjay Sindhu, am here to put forward a few approaches that I hope are persuasive enough to ensure that the investment in child rights does not slacken.

Children's rights are still far from being generally respected and there are still cases of basic childhood needs not being met. The half-hearted effort by governments to combat the violation of child rights results in the creation of flimsy and ineffective strategies such as the modification of laws or the implementation of midday meal schemes, strategies that have resulted time and again in failure. We must turn to the governments of countries and suggest the benefits of safeguarding child rights. There are at least two very persuasive arguments as to why governments should invest in the rights of children. The first argument is the economic argument relating to the need for the government to invest in the country’s human capital. Approximately 1/3rd of a country’s human capital is in the form of children. To make this argument more convincing comes the fact that almost 100 percent of these children can become tomorrow’s labour force if properly invested in. That brings me to the second argument. The political and social argument about how inadequate investment in children increases social evils, inequality and poverty that can destroy social cohesion.

Ladies and gentlemen, hence I can say that this boils down to three basic strategies, the first being as I have mentioned the investment in education and other basic necessities by governments. Next, to ensure a legal system, so draconian, that the fear of punishments can result in child rights not being violated. Lastly and perhaps most importantly, ensuring responsible parenthood and enlightening rural parents and society, through various community awareness programs and national movements, about how they can ensure the rights of their children, and about how in doing so they contribute not only to their society but also to themselves.

Ensuring efficient coordination and communication on the issue of child rights, promoting child rights in the field of external relations and ultimately reviewing and assuring that schemes reach children is the ultimate flowchart to ensure that the investment in child rights does not go to waste.

I refuse to accept that the world is so poor, when just one week of global spending on the cinema industry is enough to give all of our children a good education and enough food. – My take on a quote by Kailash Sathyarthi, Nobel Laureate for Child Rights Activism. I believe I have made my point here.

Ladies and gentlemen, I must emphasize on the fact that the ultimate responsibility of ensuring and safeguarding the rights of the child lie in the hands of parents. It is this ultimate authority who must guarantee that their child receives the resources he or she needs. The proposal and implementations of schemes by governments may be happening but simultaneously we need to spread awareness of these. Parents and the immediate society must ensure that the child receives enough attention and care because this is the most critical aspect of the existence of children’s rights and the strategies to ensure and invest in these.

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